Possessing clean water seems to be one of the most significant resources for people around the world. Practical solutions for wastewater treatment plants are an absolute necessity. The reason is apparent; you receive clean and safe water for varying functions.
Advanced technology has made its way
The operational efficiency plays a vital role in the sewage treatment plants. In the recent years, there has been excellent progress in the development and improvement of the advanced level technologies. But, the sewage treatment plant functioning and maintenance persists.
The energy consumption is expensive and the most significant challenge
Energy consumption is perhaps the biggest challenges in the sewage treatment plants. It is a costly affair with a consumption rate of 2% to 3% of a developed country's total electrical power every year. Furthermore, the majority of the energy consumption is used in the biological treatment, within a range of 50% to 60% of the treatment plant's electricity usage.
Is there any viable solution available?
The good news is that there is a solution available. The high expense associated with energy consumption by the sewage treatment plants can be tackled efficiently. How is it possible? When the process of the biological treatment is changed, it gives a potential solution to drastically reduce the consumption of energy.
Sludge production is another major challenge
Sludge is basically the residue that is produced during the biological, chemical and physical treatment in the sewage plants. The elimination of the excessive sludge during the treatment process is one of the significant challenges faced by the environment today. A long-term and effective solution is the need of the hours for the sustainable development of the world as a whole.
What about any solution?
A safe and viable solution is available in the disposition of the excess sludge production. There are specific useful microorganisms and nutrients present in the sludge. If proper recycling is done of the excess sludge, it can be instrumental in the agricultural field. It can be beneficial in the productivity of crops. Moreover, there are some modern sewage treatment technologies available that can be helpful in decreasing the sludge production.